Eulalia Guzman, The First Mexican Antropologist
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Eulalia Guzman, The First Mexican Antropologist

Eulalia Guzmán Barrón (1890–1985) was a post-war feminist pioneer, educator, and nationalist thinker of the Mexican Revolution. She was a progressive social and cultural fighter of great importance to the movements of the 20th Century. Eulalia learned several languages, she was fluent in German, English, French, and Italian.

February 12, 1890

Eulalia Guzman

was born in Zacatecas, Mexico

Eulalia and her family

moved to Mexico City


She became a founder and member of Feminist Club Admirers of Benito Juarez

among with Hermila Galindo, Luz Vera and Laura N. Torres

She got a degree as Teacher

of the Normal School of Professors

1910 / Mexican Revolution, an armed movement to overthrow Porfirio Díaz, began

She is named Director of the Campaign Against Illiteracy

She published her book “La Escuela Nueva”


Commissioner to attend conferences and congresses in the United States (Pan American Round Table), Switzerland, as well as Germany

Eulalia organizes a group of women from the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters

with Rosario Castellanos and Amalia Castillo Ledón

1929 / The collapse of the New York Stock Exchange caused a global economic crisis

She is commissioned for the expedition to the archaeological zones of Monte Albán and the Mixteca Alta

Obtains a Master’s Degree in Philosophy from the National Autonomous University of Mexico


She is commissioned to study Mexican archaeological and historical pieces in various museums

and libraries in Austria, Germany, Denmark, Belgium, England, Italy and the United States.

She earns a Bachelor Degree of Archeology

and creates the Historical Archive of the National Library of Anthropology and History (BNAH)

1945 / The Second World War ends

She is invited to collaborate in a literacy project for Latin America by Walt Disney Studios

Eulalia publicly declared that she had found the remains of the Mexican tlatoani Cuauhtémoc,


She classified about 53 thousand objects from the private collection of his friend Diego Rivera

some pieces are exhibited in the Frida Kahlo and Anahuacalli Museums

She retires from the National Institute of Anthropology and History

1970 / Mexico is host to the World Soccer Championship; Brazil is the winner.
January 1st, 1985

Eulalia dies in Mexico City


Guzmán Barron EulaliaPublicaciones Digitales, DGSCA, UNAM. Retrieved on 4/12/2020 from:

Serra Puche, Mari Carmen and de la Torre Mendoza Manuel. Eulalia Guzman. Instituto de Investigaciones Antropológicas, UNAM. Retrieve on April 12, 2020 from: